What is some information on phencyclidine (PCP)?
PCP is addicting.
In a hospital or detention setting, they often become violent or suicidal, and are very dangerous to themselves and to others. They should be kept in a calm setting and should not be left alone.
At low to moderate doses, physiological effects of PCP include a slight increase in breathing rate and a more pronounced rise in blood pressure and pulse rate. Respiration becomes shallow, and flushing and profuse sweating occur. Generalized numbness of the extremities and muscular incoordination also may occur. Psychological effects include distinct changes in body awareness, similar to those associated with alcohol intoxication.
At high doses of PCP, there is a drop in blood pressure, pulse rate, and respiration. This may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, flicking up and down of the eyes, drooling, loss of balance, and dizziness. High doses of PCP can also cause seizures, coma, and death.
Psychological effects at high doses include illusions and hallucinations. PCP can cause effects that mimic the full range of symptoms of schizophrenia. Speech is often sparse and garbled.
People who use PCP for long periods report memory loss, difficulties with speech and thinking, depression, and weight loss. These symptoms can persist up to a year after cessation of PCP use.
PCP (phencyclidine) was developed in the 1950s as an intravenous anesthetic. Use of PCP in humans was discontinued in 1965, because it was found that patients often became agitated, delusional, and irrational while recovering from its anesthetic effects. PCP is illegally manufactured in laboratories and is sold on the street by such names as "angel dust," "ozone," "wack," and "rocket fuel." "Killer joints"and "crystal supergrass" are names that refer to PCP combined with marijuana. The variety of street names for PCP reflects its bizarre and volatile effects.
PCP is a white crystalline powder that is readily soluble in water or alcohol. It has a distinctive bitter chemical taste. PCP can be mixed easily with dyes and turns up on the illicit drug market in a variety of tablets, capsules, and colored powders. It is normally used in one of three ways: snorted, smoked, or eaten. For smoking, PCP is often applied to a leafy material such as mint, parsley, oregano, or marijuana.
NIDA's 1997 MTF shows that use of PCP by high school seniors has declined steadily since 1979, when 7.0 percent of seniors had used PCP in the year preceding the survey. In 1997, however, 2.3 percent of seniors used PCP at least once in the past year, up from a low of 1.2 percent in 1990. Past month use among seniors decreased from 1.3 percent in 1996 to 0.7 percent in 1997.
According to the 1996 NHSDA, 3.2 percent of the population aged 12 and older have used PCP at least once. Lifetime use of PCP was higher among those aged 26 through 34 (4.2 percent) than for those 18 through 25 (2.3 percent) and those 12 through 17 (1.2 percent).
Substance Abuse Frequently Asked Questions
What is some information on anabolic steriods?
What is some information on inhalants?
What is some information on Club Drugs?
What is some information on ectasy?
What is some information on methamphetamine?
What is some information on lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)?
What is some information on phencyclidine (PCP)?
What are some tips on restraining orders?
What is some information on opioid analogs?
Where can I find information on restraining orders?
What is the definition of addiction?
What are some tips on preventing abuse and violence?
What is the definition of drug?
What is some information regarding methamphetamine?
What are some uses for methamphetamine?
Is marijuana still popular among young people?
What can parents who experimented with marijuana tell their kids about the drug?
What are some of the physical effects of marijuana?
What are some of the emotional effects of marijuana use?
Is marijuana addictive?
Is there a drug to treat marijuana addiction?
What sorts of therapy are available for marijuana addicts?
What happens in inpatient treatment for marijuana addiction?
What happens in private treatment for marijuana addiction?
Who is likely to become addicted to marijuana?
What is the difference between social drinking and alcoholism?
What is the first step in getting help for alcoholism?
What is alcohol detox?
What medications are available to treat alcoholism?
What are some of the physical effects of alcoholism?
What are some of the emotional and social effects of alcoholism?
What happens in outpatient alcohol treatment?
What happens in inpatient alcohol treatment?
What are some of the benefits of private alcoholism treatment?
What are some of the physical effects of cocaine use?
What are some of the emotional effects of cocaine use?
What are some of the characteristics of cocaine users?
What happens when people mix cocaine and alcohol?
What is it like to withdraw from cocaine?
How do users learn the skills to stay off cocaine?
What happens during cocaine detox?
Are there drugs to treat cocaine addiction?
What happens in inpatient cocaine treatment?
What happens in private treatment for cocaine use?
Do narcotics have medical uses?
What are some commonly abused narcotics?
What are some of the ways people get addicted to narcotics?
How are narcotics addictions treated?
What is it like to withdraw from heroin or other opiates?
What are some of the physical effects of narcotics addiction?
What are some of the emotional effects of narcotics addiction?
What happens in heroin detox?
What happens in narcotics treatment?
What kind of aftercare is needed for narcotics addictions?
What is the difference between pain relief and addiction to painkillers?
What are some of the paths into painkiller addiction?
What are some of the physical effects of painkillers?
What are some of the emotional effects of painkiller abuse?
What is OxyContin?
Is it possible to get addicted to Vicodin?
What are the risks of mixing alcohol and painkillers?
What happens in detox from painkillers?
What happens in inpatient treatment for painkiller addiction?
What happens in private treatment for prescription drug abuse?
What are amphetamines?
Why is meth addiction rising?
What are some of the physical effects of meth and amphetamines?
What are some of the emotional effects of meth and amphetamines?
What are some of the ways amphetamines have been used in the past?
Why would you use a stimulant to treat someone with ADD?
What happens in meth detox?
What happens during inpatient treatment for meth addiction?
What is new in the fight against meth addiction?
What happens in private treatment for meth and amphetamine addiction?
What is a relapse?
Why do drug addicts have relapses?
What is the role of support groups in relapse prevention?
What are diversions, and how do they help prevent relapses?
What stress management skills can be useful to people in recovery?
What are some of the warning signs of a relapse?
What are triggers?
How can a recovering addict avoid situations associated with drug use?
Are there medications to prevent drug relapses?
What role does therapy play in relapse prevention?
What should I do in a drug-related crisis?
I think I have a problem with alcohol or drugs. What can I do?
teen drug abuse, teen alcoholism, signs of drug use, rehab centers, 12-step meetings
What can I expect if my spouse or partner is addicted to drugs or alcohol?
What should I do if my parent has a drug or alcohol problem?
What can I do for a friend who has an addiction problem?
What can I do to prevent substance abuse in my community?
What can my religious organization do to address the problem of substance abuse?
What are some of the legal problems with substance abuse?
What happens if I'm in recovery and have a relapse?
Is addiction a disease?
What is the social model of addiction treatment?
What is the 12-step model of addictions and recovery?
What is harm reduction?
What is the family model of drug treatment?
Does electroconvulsive therapy have a role in drug addiction treatment?
What is the most effective role of religious faith in recovery?
Do "scared straight" programs work?
What is the individual model of addiction therapy?
What happens in a detox center?
What happens in short-term drug rehab programs?
When are long-term drug or alcohol rehab centers needed?
What happens in a transitional home for drug or alcohol addicts?
What happens in outpatient drug treatment?
What happens in private drug treatment?
What happens when I join a 12-step group?
Are online recovery support groups effective?
What are therapeutic communities?
What are methadone maintenance programs?
Please explain the risks and dangers of mixing injectable steriods and cocaine.
what is hallucinogans
what are side effects of mixing cocaine and darvocet?