A "diversion" is a learned behavior that can postpone or prevent a relapse when a craving strikes. Some people come up with their own diversions, but others learn them through therapy or support groups. Diversions include both emotional and physical management skills.
Because 12-step groups teach that recovery is "one day at a time," often the goal of a diversion is simply to postpone satisfying the craving. Diversions include:
-- Going somewhere else, if you are in an environment where others are using.
-- Calling a sponsor or other abstinent friend for support.
-- Writing a list of people who will be harmed if you use.
-- Writing a list of reasons you have to be grateful (for anything) right now.
-- Doing a kind deed for someone else.
-- Exercising (try 10 push-ups or a brisk walk).
-- Deep breathing or meditation.
-- Eating or drinking something healthy.
-- Taking a nap.