What is some information on ectasy?
MDMA is related in its structure and effects to methamphetamine, which has been shown to cause degeneration of neurons containing the neurotransmitter dopamine. Damage to these neurons is the underlying cause of the motor disturbances seen in Parkinson's disease. Symptoms of this disease begin with lack of coordination and tremors and can eventually result in a form of paralysis.
In 1996, MTF began to collect data on MDMA use among students. Rates of use remained relatively stable from 1996 to 1999 for students in the 8th grade, while usage among 10th- and 12th-graders has increased.
The number of 12th-graders that had used MDMA in their lifetime increased from 5.8 percent in 1998 to 8.0 percent in 1999. Use in the past year also increased from 3.6 percent in 1998 to 5.6 percent in 1999. In addition, 12th-graders use of MDMA in the past month also increased from 1.5 percent in 1998 to 2.5 percent in 1999.
On the other hand, the largest change for 10th-graders occurred in past year use, which increased from 3.3 percent in 1998 to 4.4 percent in 1999.
MDMA, called "Adam," "ecstasy," or "XTC" on the street, is a synthetic, psychoactive (mind-altering) drug with amphetamine-like and hallucinogenic properties. Its chemical structure (3-4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is similar to two other synthetic drugs, MDA and methamphetamine, which are known to cause brain damage.
MDA, the parent drug of MDMA, is an amphetamine-like drug that has also been abused and is similar in chemical structure to MDMA. Research shows that MDA destroys serotonin-producing neurons in the brain, which play a direct role in regulating aggression, mood, sexual activity, sleep, and sensitivity to pain. It is probably this action on the serotonin system that gives MDA its purported properties of heightened sexual experience, tranquillity, and conviviality.
Each year, NHSDA reports on the nature and extent of drug use among the American household population aged 12 and older. The 1998 survey found that an estimated 1.5 percent (3.4 million) of Americans at least 12 years old had used MDMA at least once during their lifetime. By age group, the heaviest use (5 percent or 1.4 million people) was reported for those between 18 and 25 years old.
Many of the risks users face with MDMA use are similar to those found with the use of amphetamines and cocaine. They are:
Psychological difficulties, including confusion, depression, sleep problems, drug craving, severe anxiety, and paranoia - during and sometimes weeks after taking MDMA (even psychotic episodes have been reported).
Physical symptoms such as muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, rapid eye movement, faintness, and chills or sweating.
Increases in heart rate and blood pressure, a special risk for people with circulatory or heart disease.
Recent research findings also link MDMA use to long-term damage to those parts of the brain critical to thought and memory.
Also, there is evidence that people who develop a rash that looks like acne after using MDMA may be risking severe side effects, including liver damage, if they continue to use the drug.
MDMA is used most often by young adults and adolescents at clubs, raves (large, all-night dance parties), and rock concerts.
Its abuse is increasingly reported in the 20 metropolitan areas included in the CEWG.
In Kings County, Washington, a recently completed survey of young men who have sex with men showed that MDMA was among the frequently used drugs (20 percent of the sample).
In Boston, a 1996-97 survey of public schools in Boston found that about 14 percent of male and 7 percent of female 12th graders had used MDMA during their lifetime. Increased use of MDMA among youth was also reported in Seattle.
Information about MDMA from other CEWG areas include the following:
In Atlanta, MDMA is reported as a popular stimulant.
In Chicago, it's use is common in the rave and club scenes, especially in the North Side.
In Miami, large-scale sales of drugs such as MDMA are occurring at raves.
In New Jersey, it is available across the state, particularly in college towns.
Substance Abuse Frequently Asked Questions
What is some information on anabolic steriods?
What is some information on inhalants?
What is some information on Club Drugs?
What is some information on ectasy?
What is some information on methamphetamine?
What is some information on lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)?
What is some information on phencyclidine (PCP)?
What are some tips on restraining orders?
What is some information on opioid analogs?
Where can I find information on restraining orders?
What is the definition of addiction?
What are some tips on preventing abuse and violence?
What is the definition of drug?
What is some information regarding methamphetamine?
What are some uses for methamphetamine?
Is marijuana still popular among young people?
What can parents who experimented with marijuana tell their kids about the drug?
What are some of the physical effects of marijuana?
What are some of the emotional effects of marijuana use?
Is marijuana addictive?
Is there a drug to treat marijuana addiction?
What sorts of therapy are available for marijuana addicts?
What happens in inpatient treatment for marijuana addiction?
What happens in private treatment for marijuana addiction?
Who is likely to become addicted to marijuana?
What is the difference between social drinking and alcoholism?
What is the first step in getting help for alcoholism?
What is alcohol detox?
What medications are available to treat alcoholism?
What are some of the physical effects of alcoholism?
What are some of the emotional and social effects of alcoholism?
What happens in outpatient alcohol treatment?
What happens in inpatient alcohol treatment?
What are some of the benefits of private alcoholism treatment?
What are some of the physical effects of cocaine use?
What are some of the emotional effects of cocaine use?
What are some of the characteristics of cocaine users?
What happens when people mix cocaine and alcohol?
What is it like to withdraw from cocaine?
How do users learn the skills to stay off cocaine?
What happens during cocaine detox?
Are there drugs to treat cocaine addiction?
What happens in inpatient cocaine treatment?
What happens in private treatment for cocaine use?
Do narcotics have medical uses?
What are some commonly abused narcotics?
What are some of the ways people get addicted to narcotics?
How are narcotics addictions treated?
What is it like to withdraw from heroin or other opiates?
What are some of the physical effects of narcotics addiction?
What are some of the emotional effects of narcotics addiction?
What happens in heroin detox?
What happens in narcotics treatment?
What kind of aftercare is needed for narcotics addictions?
What is the difference between pain relief and addiction to painkillers?
What are some of the paths into painkiller addiction?
What are some of the physical effects of painkillers?
What are some of the emotional effects of painkiller abuse?
What is OxyContin?
Is it possible to get addicted to Vicodin?
What are the risks of mixing alcohol and painkillers?
What happens in detox from painkillers?
What happens in inpatient treatment for painkiller addiction?
What happens in private treatment for prescription drug abuse?
What are amphetamines?
Why is meth addiction rising?
What are some of the physical effects of meth and amphetamines?
What are some of the emotional effects of meth and amphetamines?
What are some of the ways amphetamines have been used in the past?
Why would you use a stimulant to treat someone with ADD?
What happens in meth detox?
What happens during inpatient treatment for meth addiction?
What is new in the fight against meth addiction?
What happens in private treatment for meth and amphetamine addiction?
What is a relapse?
Why do drug addicts have relapses?
What is the role of support groups in relapse prevention?
What are diversions, and how do they help prevent relapses?
What stress management skills can be useful to people in recovery?
What are some of the warning signs of a relapse?
What are triggers?
How can a recovering addict avoid situations associated with drug use?
Are there medications to prevent drug relapses?
What role does therapy play in relapse prevention?
What should I do in a drug-related crisis?
I think I have a problem with alcohol or drugs. What can I do?
teen drug abuse, teen alcoholism, signs of drug use, rehab centers, 12-step meetings
What can I expect if my spouse or partner is addicted to drugs or alcohol?
What should I do if my parent has a drug or alcohol problem?
What can I do for a friend who has an addiction problem?
What can I do to prevent substance abuse in my community?
What can my religious organization do to address the problem of substance abuse?
What are some of the legal problems with substance abuse?
What happens if I'm in recovery and have a relapse?
Is addiction a disease?
What is the social model of addiction treatment?
What is the 12-step model of addictions and recovery?
What is harm reduction?
What is the family model of drug treatment?
Does electroconvulsive therapy have a role in drug addiction treatment?
What is the most effective role of religious faith in recovery?
Do "scared straight" programs work?
What is the individual model of addiction therapy?
What happens in a detox center?
What happens in short-term drug rehab programs?
When are long-term drug or alcohol rehab centers needed?
What happens in a transitional home for drug or alcohol addicts?
What happens in outpatient drug treatment?
What happens in private drug treatment?
What happens when I join a 12-step group?
Are online recovery support groups effective?
What are therapeutic communities?
What are methadone maintenance programs?
Please explain the risks and dangers of mixing injectable steriods and cocaine.
what is hallucinogans
what are side effects of mixing cocaine and darvocet?